شماره 46 - بهار 1396
ICNS7
شماره 47-تابستان 1396
فهرست

اثرات نانوذرات بر ریزجانداران خاکزی

نشریه: شماره 47-تابستان 1396 - مقاله 8   صفحات :  44 تا 52



کد مقاله:
47-08

مولفین:
معصومه مهدی زاده
نصرت الله نجفی: دانشگاه تبریز - دانشکده کشاورزی


چکیده مقاله:

نانوذرات به‌عنوان پایه و اساس فناوری نانو در زمینه کشاورزی به‌ویژه علوم خاک سهم به‌سزایی داشته است. نانوذرات به‌خاطر ویژگی‌های خاصشان، به‌طور گسترده در محصولات استفاده می‌شوند اما شواهد کافی وجود دارد که آن‌ها اثرهای سمی بر ریزجانداران خاکزی میشوند. جذب سلولی این ذرات ممکن است، با تولید گونه‌های فعال اکسیژن باعث ایجاد سمیت سلولی شود، به این دلیل ارزیابی خطرات زیستمحیطی نانوذرات در طول چرخه عمر نانوذرات امری لازم و ضروری میباشد. مطالعه برهمکنش بین نانوذرات و محیط خاک برای درک برهمکنش‌های موجود بسیار حائز اهمیت است. مطالعات اخیر موجود در ارتباط با منابع ورود نانوذرات فلزی در خاک و واکنشپذیری نانوذرات و اثر سمیت نانوذرات مهندسی شده بر ریزجانداران خاکزی در این بررسی بیان شده است. لازم به ذکر است با توجه به اینکه در مطالعه تأثیرات سمیت نانوذرات بر ریزجانداران خاکزی جنبه‌های مختلفی بررسی شده است. برقراری یک ارتباط بین مطالعات موجود بسیار دشوار است.


Article's English abstract:

Nanoparticles, as the basis of nanotechnology in agriculture field, especially soil science, have an important contribution. Nanoparticles are widely used in products because of their specific characteristics, but there is sufficient evidence that they have toxic effects on soil microorganisms. Cellular uptake of these particles may be produced reactive oxygen species induced cell toxicity, For this reason, the environmental risk assessment of nanoparticles during the life cycle of nanoparticles is necessary. The study of interaction between nanoparticles and soil environment is very important for understanding the available interactions. Recent studies in relation to input sources of metal nanoparticles in soil and nanoparticle reactivity and toxicity effect of engineered nanoparticles on soil microorganisms are expressed in this study. It is noteworthy that, in the study of the toxicity of nanoparticles on soil microorganisms, different aspects are studied. Establishing a communication between different studies is difficult.


کلید واژگان:
نانو، سمیت، نانوذرات، ریزجانداران خاکزی

English Keywords:
Nanoparticles, Nanotechnology, Soil microorganisms, Toxicity

منابع:

English References:
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